Gourd is a popular vegetable in Bangladesh, which is a favorite food for many people. Gourds are usually cultivated around the homestead in winter, but now they are cultivated almost all year round. Gourd is a tasty and nutritious vegetable at the same time. Because gourd contains a lot of vitamins, important minerals and water, as well as beneficial fiber. Gourd can be eaten as a fish curry, as a labra, as a vegetarian dish, as a stir-fry, as a salad or as a salad.
Cholesterol is zero in gourd which is good for heart health. Vitamin C and antioxidants present in it are very healthy for the heart. Due to its low calorie content, gourd is also very useful for diabetics. Gourds contain a large amount of soluble and insoluble fiber and water. Soluble fiber helps to digest food easily and helps to solve all digestive problems such as constipation, flatulence and ACD. Eating gourd is very beneficial for those who have problems with piles. Gourd fills most of the water that is lost from our body due to heat or during sweating. The main ingredient in gourd is water (96%), so eating gourd keeps the body cool. Therefore, it is useful to eat gourd during the summer, especially for those who work in the hot sun, gourd helps prevent heatstroke. Helps to get good sleep: Gourd leaves cooked or eaten keeps the brain cool and helps to solve sleep problems.
Due to its high water content, helps to balance the body’s water content. : It is also effective in preventing dehydration due to diarrhea. Gourd helps to increase kidney performance. In addition, it is unique in preventing urinary tract infections.
Find the below disease & solutions:
Gourd gray mold disease:
When this disease occurs, water-soaked spots appear on the leaves and a layer of fungus falls on the stems. At one point the stem rots. Integrated suppression management: Copper oxychlorite fungicide such as Cupravit 7 grams/liter mixed with water and sprayed. Sow seeds early. Use a balanced fertilizer.
Gourd Leaf Carl Roeg:
It is a viral disease. The virus is spread by white flies. The affected tree is stunted. On the surface of the leaf, a fold like a teu is created, it shrivels. Older leaves become thick and wrinkled. Extra branches come out and the flower loses its ability to bear fruit. Integrated suppression management: Collect and destroy affected trees. Collect seeds from disease-free trees. Use varieties with disease resistance. For the suppression of virus-carrying insects, mix any of Dimethyot, Esataf, Edmeyer, Tido, etc. at the rate of 1 ml/liter with water and spray). Clear the weeds. Use disease-free seeds.
Gourd scab disease:
There are wounds on the leaves, stems and gourds. The leaves of the tree dry up. Integrated suppression management: Making a good arrangement of water drainage in the field. Mix Ridomil Gold 2 grams/per liter of water and spray. Do not plant gourds on the same land again and again. Do not collect seeds from infected plants.
Leaf blight disease of gourd:
Small spots of yellow to brown color can be seen on the affected leaves. Gradually, multiple spots come together and become large spots that spread on the leaf and the leaf looks like it is burning. Do not eat or sell that vegetable within 15 days after spraying. Do not collect seeds from infected plants. Integrated suppression management: Collect and destroy affected plant parts. Mix Ridomil Gold 2 grams/per liter of water and spray.
Pesticide injury of gourd:
Due to untimely, excessive and unintended application of pesticides, the leaves of the tree are burnt, the growth is reduced and the tree dies. Integrated suppression management: Applying the right pesticide at the right time in the right way and in the right amount. Applying environmentally friendly IPM methods in pest management. Before using the pesticide, carefully read the information written on the container. Use pesticides with expert advice.
Gourd blossom and rot disease:
In the affected tree, rot appears first on the lower side of the young gourd. Gradually the whole fruit rots. This disease is usually seen in acidic soil or calcium-deficient soil. Integrated suppression management: Moderate irrigation in the field. Apply 50 to 80 grams of gypsum fertilizer per hole or pit. Do not plant the same vegetable over and over again on the same land. If you apply Dolochun at the rate of 4 kg per percent on the land, you will not have to apply it for three years in a row. In case of acidic or red soil, apply Dolochun at the rate of 4 kg per percent of the land. Check the soil and use a balanced fertilizer on the land.
Downy gourd disease:
The whole tree slowly falls down. Later, the whole tree dies. Integrated suppression management: Collect and destroy or burn affected trees. Before sowing, seed treatment (Vitavex-2.5 grams or Byavishtin- 2 grams per kg of seeds) treated with Trichoderma gridii (3-4 grams/kg of seeds). Do not over-irrigate after the seedlings grow. If an attack of this disease occurs, spray by mixing 2 grams of Kupravit or 4 grams of Champion per liter of water. (by formalin) of mother earth. Mix 30 grams of Mother Trichoderma with 500 grams of cow dung. Do not eat or sell that vegetable within 15 days after spraying. After harvesting, burn old trees and garbage.
Gourd gummy stem blight disease:
In case of this disease, water-soaked spots appear on the leaves. In a widespread attack, the leaves rot. The stem bursts and red gum comes out. Integrated suppression management: Remove the affected tree from the field. Use disease-free seeds or seedlings. Mancozeb or Mancozeb + Metaloxyl, for example: Ridomil Gold 2 g / l. Mix it with water and spray 3 times every 7-10 days.
Louie virus disease:
In case of this disease, yellow and dark green mosaic leaves appear in the tree. Integrated suppression management: Remove the affected tree from the field. Jab beetle and whitefly are the carriers of this disease, so for their suppression, insecticides of the imidachloroprid group, such as: Edmayer 1 ml. / Ltd. Spray by mixing with water.
Downey Mildew of Bottle Gourd (Pseudoperenospora cubensis) is a fungal disease:
This disease damages those areas where the weather is relatively cold and damp. This disease only occurs. Angular and yellow spots can be seen on the affected leaves. Later, the spots spread to all the leaves. A pink or purple fungus can be seen under the affected leaves. The leaves gradually turn brown and curl. As the older leaves die, young leaves are attacked by this disease. Integrated suppression management: Do not collect seeds from infected trees. Use disease resistant varieties. Use a balanced fertilizer. Collect and destroy the abandoned part of the affected tree. Spray by mixing 1-2 grams of Secure or 2 grams of Mancoz or 2 grams of Ridomel Gold per liter of water.
Powdery Mildew of Bottle Gourd. (Oiduim sp.) fungal disease:
A white powder coating can be seen on leaves and plants. If the attack is more, the leaf will turn yellow or die. Integrated suppression management: Sow seeds early. Use disease resistant varieties. Use a balanced fertilizer. If the attack is high, 15 kg of sulfur powder per hectare is sprinkled on the field trees, and good results are obtained. Collect and destroy the abandoned part of the affected tree. Tilt 250 EC – 0.5 ml or Ронvit – 2 g/per liter of water and spray. Mixing 2 grams of Iprodione or Mencozeb group fungicides such as Rovral gram or Dithen M45 in each liter of water to clean the seeds.